January 22, 1968
First Lunar Module Test Launch
Apollo 5 lifts off carrying the first unmanned Lunar module into space.
Apollo 5 was the first unmanned flight of the Apollo Lunar Module (LM), which would later carry astronauts to the lunar surface. It lifted off on January 22, 1968, with a Saturn IB rocket on an Earth-orbital flight
.The Apollo Lunar Module (LM), originally designated the Lunar Excursion Module (LEM), was the lander portion of the Apollo spacecraft built for the US Apollo program by Grumman Aircraft to carry a crew of two from lunar orbit to the surface and back. It was capable of operation only in outer space; structurally and aerodynamically it was incapable of flight through the Earth’s atmosphere. The Lunar Module was the first manned spacecraft to operate exclusively in the airless vacuum of space.